OLAP – What is OLAP?

OLAP stands for On-Line Analytical Processing. OLAP is a technology that is used to organize large business databases and support business intelligence. OLAP databases are divided into one or more cubes, and each cube is organized and designed by a cube administrator to fit the way that you retrieve and analyze data so that it is easier to create.

OLAP

OLAP

 

OLAP database & cubes

Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) databases facilitate business-intelligence queries. OLAP is a database technology that has been optimized for querying and reporting, instead of processing transactions. The source data for OLAP is Online Transactional Processing (OLTP) databases that are commonly stored in data warehouses. OLAP data is derived from this historical data, and aggregated into structures that permit sophisticated analysis. OLAP data is also organized hierarchically and stored in cubes instead of tables. It is a sophisticated technology that uses multidimensional structures to provide rapid access to data for analysis.

OLAP cubes

OLAP cubes

 

 

OLAP – volumes, complexity

Online Analytical Process (OLAP) is a characterized by relatively low volume of transactions. Actually the queries are often very complex. In the OLAP System response time more. In OLAP Database there is Aggregated, historical Inf. Data , stored in multi-dimensional schemas.

The first attempt to provide a definition to OLAP was by Dr. Codd, who proposed 12 rules for OLAP.

Not to be confused with OLTP (Online Transaction processing)


For people on the business side, the key feature out of the above list is “Multidimensional.” In other words, the ability to analyze metrics in different dimensions such as time, geography, gender, product, etc. For example, sales for the company are up. What region is most responsible for this increase? Which store in this region is most responsible for the increase? What particular product category or categories contributed the most to the increase? Answering these types of questions in order means that you are performing an OLAP analysis.

Depending on the underlying technology used, OLAP can be broadly divided into two different camps: MOLAP and ROLAP.


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